China is leading the race in lunar missions after it deployed a sample recovery mission, Chang’e 5

After deploying its Chang’e 5 mission to the Moon after four decades since a similar mission through the Soviet Luna program, China procured bragging rights. The previous Chang’e (1-4) missions proved that the country could send payloads to the Moon and efficiently run a rover. Chang’e 5 mission was deployed last Tuesday by the Chinese National Space Administration.

The purpose of the mission is to bring back to Earth the samples collected from the Moon. Through their secret missions to the Moon, other countries like Israeli and India have failed to prove that the mission is challenging.

Experts argue that the mission might be China’s strategy to test its scientific and technological propensity in the space industry. 

Chang’e 5 lunar spacecraft is expected to retrieve material samples from Mons Rümker. This site is composed of basalt and is at the core of the Oceanus Procellarum Mare region on the Moon. The mission’s purpose is to send back to Earth the excavated samples and conduct the planned experiments. The mission’s success will unveil more knowledge in the study on the origin of the Solar System to supplement that obtained in the Apollo mission.

The determination of the age of a rock sample depends on the density of the material collected. The material that has existed for an extended period will indicate a fusion of the particles over billions of years, as narrated by the previous scientists. The scientists studying these samples will use radiometric dating to understand the composition of the samples and the age of the sample depending on the state of the elements of the rocks. This knowledge will add to the body of expertise known from the Moon, Mars, Mercury, and Venus.

China’s space programs, including satellites, astronaut missions, and space station operations scheduled, have been successful and aggressive. However, the rival mission is the Artemis Program and will land astronauts on the Moon in 2024. This mission comes before China makes a similar launch later on.

Additionally, the European Space Agency intends to deploy its 1.3-tonne scientific experiment payload to the Moon within this decade. The agency will be sending out its European Large Logistics Lander EL3 for scientific studies. Nevertheless, the plans of China are becoming more pronounced than this European agency. The country is already training its taikonauts to head to the Moon before leaving for Mars.

China has justified itself, saying that they have spent quite a sum on research and development and hope to reap the benefits of their efforts by testing its technology on the Moon and Mars. In conclusion, China is hopeful that Chang’e 5 mission can proceed smoothly as the country prepares to unveil more technical projects that will reveal its position as a space explorer. Nevertheless, the other agencies and countries view this success as a threat. 

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